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Bontoc Igorot Status Symbol Waist Ornament "Fikum"

Bontoc status symbol waist ornament (Fikum or Tikam) c.a 1940


The Fikum or Tikam is a large engraved gold lipped oyster shell worn somewhere at the waist, in front or one of the sides by upper class men of the head hunting Bontoc tribe of the Northern Luzon, Philippines. The shell was decorated around the edge with incised geometric designs reminiscent of textile and tattoo patterns.


Type of Object: Bontoc hip/waist ornament

Local Terms: "Fikum" , "Tikam"

Ethnic Group: Bontoc ( Igorots or Cordillerans) of Northern Luzon Philippines

Country of Origin: Philippines

Materials: Mother-of-pearl shell, button made from Carabao horn

Dimensions : Approximate diameter: 7 inches


bontoc man wearing fikum

igorot wearing fikum
igorot wearing fikum



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  • Shipping Weight (Plus Packaging): 400grams