This catalog was produced by the Pacific Asia Museum for the exhibition ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF PHILIPPINE PAINTING held at the museum in Pasadena, California from June 26 to December 30, 1984 "The nation of the Philippines is made up of a remarkable group of islands rich in natural resources and natural beauty, but its mos valuable resource is its people. A high degree of culture existed in the Philippines over 2,000 years ago, and important finds of superb gold objects from the southern islands attest to this fact. The Chinese traded objects of porcelain for those of gold, rare woods, and spices. This trade flourished actively from about the 5th century A.D. until the end of the Ch'ing Dynasty (1912) with the most active periods being the Sung Dynasty (960-1279), Yuan Dynasty (1260-1368), and the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). Extensive archeological field work is now being done, and many fine examples of Chinese ceramics have come to light. The Spaniards came in the early 16th century and by the 1590's, the University of Santo Tomas had already been established in Manila. After this time, a great trade flourished between another Spanish colony, Mexico. It is hoped by this exhibition will help the viewer perceive Philippine culture with new eyes and with the respect it deserves." David Kamansky Director, Pacific Asia Museum June 1984
Minor scratches on front cover, Has dedication writings on first blank page, No folds, No torn pages, In super excellent condition, Full color.
The cover is the portrait of Fernanda de Jesus, 1915 by Fernando Amorsolo
- Paperback: 92 pages
- Publisher: Pacific Asia Museum; 1st edition (July 1, 1984)
- Language: English
- ISBN-10: 0295965355
- ISBN-13: 978-029596535
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More about the book....
In July 1984 the Pacific Asia Museum in Pasadena, California held an art exhibition entitled “One Hundred Years of Philippine Painting” which revealed how much had happened in a short period (1884-1984) in a country that once was the colony of Spain and the United States through art. It displayed famous works by Pilipino artists such as Juana Luna or Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo. They both had won the highest award at the National Exposition of Fine Arts at Madrid in 1884--the first time for non-Europeans to achieve such a feat. Their victories in academic art debunked the racist claim that all Pilipinos were a backward people. During the colonial period of Spanish rule, Luna and Hidalgo along with other artists defined the Pilipino image with desirable traits such as modesty, hardiness, resilience, patience and helpfulness.
The artist, Fernando Amorsolo added a refreshing sweetness and optimistic style to his provincial scenes, and also popularized genre painting in the late nineteenth century. He was known for his many views of peasants in colorful costumes planting or harvest rice, resting in the shade of mango trees, or dancing at fiestas, always relaxed- smiling and content. It was as if poverty, disease, hunger, malnutrition and injustice did not spread the countryside of the Philippines. The paintings were a reflection of a people who worked diligently and were appreciative of the little things in life. On the other side of the artistic spectrum, a development called social realism displayed a powerful and intimate close-up of the harshness of poverty and ramshackle houses in the background by artists such as Alfredo Manrique and Edgar Fernandez. They displayed the grimmer aspects of third world realities.
Philippine painting during this period of time reflected a Western influence, but also embodied authentic Philippine experience. The ultimate purpose of the exhibition was to gain full understanding of Philippine realities in a society ruled by colonial domination, which prevented fellow countrymen to be truly free to look after their own interests. Twenty-three years later, the lessons of the exhibition still resonate today. The works of art conveyed a heightened consciousness of shared struggle and sacrifice during a crucial and transitional hundred years of Philippine history.